Rich Frishman Photography
Ghosts of Segregation American Splendor This Land Technique Videos GhostsNew

Ghosts of Segregation seeks to spark an honest conversation about the legacy of racial injustice in America today. All human landscape has cultural meaning. Because we rarely consider our constructions as evidence of our priorities, beliefs and desires, the testimony our landscape tells is perhaps more honest than anything we might intentionally present. Our built environment is society's autobiography writ large.

 

Ghosts of Segregation photographically explores the vestiges of America's racism evident in the built environment, hidden in plain sight: Schools for "colored" children, theatre entrances and restrooms for "colored people," lynching sites, juke joints, jails, hotels and bus stations. Past is prologue.

 

We often take our daily environments for granted, but within even the most mundane edifice may lurk an important bit of history. That stairway apparently to nowhere once went somewhere. The curious palimpsest of bricks covers something. What purpose did they serve?

 

Segregation is as much current events as it is history.  These ghosts haunt us because they are very much alive.Each of these images is assembled from hundreds of individual detail photographs meticulously blended to create prints of immersive detail over 4 x 8-feet in size. These limited-edition prints are available for exhibition and acquisition. Images from this project are in the permanent collections of the Museum of Fine Arts Houston, the New Orleans Museum of Art, and a growing number of institutions. A traveling exhibit and educational material are also being developed, with the goal of engaging communities in this important discussion.

 

To learn more about the history behind these pictures, view or download the 55-page Ghosts of Segregation PDF

Rich Frishman

Segregation Wall; Gonzales, Texas 2016 <div class="storycaption">
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SEGREGATION WALL
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GONZALES, TEXAS
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This partition was constructed in the early 20th Century to keep people of different races apart. It is decorated with an original pre-1929 Dr. Pepper logo. At the time of its construction (circa 1906) only Caucasian customers were allowed to sit in the front of the saloon. All Hispanic, Asian and African-American customers had to sit behind the wall. When the saloon was remodeled and re-opened in 2014 the wall, no longer used for its original purpose, was retained as a historical reminder. It has since been demolished.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2017
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</div> Hanging Tree; Goliad, Texas 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HANGING TREE
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GOLIAD, TEXAS
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Located  in  the  Mississippi  Delta  outside  the  tiny  town  of  Merigold,  Po  The Goliad Hanging Tree is a symbol of justice, Texas-style. For 24 years the court trials of Goliad County were held under this big oak tree. Death sentences were carried out promptly, usually within a few minutes, courtesy of the tree's many handy noose-worthy branches. The tree also served as a gallows for approximately 75 lynchings, many during the 1857 "Cart War" between Texans and Mexicans. No tally was kept for how many men died in The Hanging Tree, but some estimates range into the low hundreds.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Slave Exchange; New Orleans, Louisiana 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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SLAVE EXCHANGE
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NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA
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The enigmatic inscription change, floating above Chartres Street in New Orleans French Quarter, largely goes unnoticed. It is the vestige of the sign over the St. Louis Hotel Slave Exchange. The luxurious hotel included a bank, ballroom, shopping arcade and trading exchange. Six days each week from 1838-1862, under the hotels domed rotunda, auctioneers sold off land and goods as well as thousands of enslaved people.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Colored Entrance to Saenger Theatre; Hattiesburg, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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Vestige of Colored Entrance at Saenger Theatre
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HATTIESBURG, MISSISSIPPI
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Years after the end of Jim Crow segregation, many architectural vestiges remain. This curious palimpsest of bricks covers the entrance for Colored People at  the Saenger Theatre, a once-grand movie house in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. Often these entrances were down an alley away from the glittering lights of the main entrance. Usually they led directly to a set of stairs ascending to a segregated portion of the balcony.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> 16th Street Baptist Church; Birmingham, Alabama 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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16th Street Baptist Church 
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BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA
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On September 15, 1963, the congregation of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birming-ham, Alabama greeted each other before the start of Sunday service. In the basement of the church, five young girls, two of them sisters, gathered in the ladies room in their best dresses, happily chatting about the first days of the new school year. It was Youth Day and excitement filled the air, they were going to take part in the Sunday adult service.Just before 11 oclock, instead of rising to begin prayers the congregation was knocked to  the  ground.  As  a  bomb  exploded  under  the  steps  of  the  church,  they  sought  safety  under the pews and shielded each other from falling debris. In the basement, four little girls, 14-year-olds Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and 11-year-old Cynthia Wesley, were killed. Addies sister Susan survived, but was permanently blinded.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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SYPHILIS STUDY BENCHES
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NOTASULGA, ALABAMA
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The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the African American was an infamous and unethical clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 by the U.S. Public Health Service. The Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church was the first recruitment site for the experiment. On these benches, African American volunteers in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study would wait to have their blood samples drawn by Nurse Eunice Rivers outside Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church in Notasulga, Alabama. By the end of the study in 1972, only 74 of the test subjects were alive. Of the original 399 men, 28 had died of syphilis, 100 were dead of related complications, 40 of their wives had been infected, and 19 of their children were born with congenital syphilis. Registered nurse Eunice Rivers, who had trained at Tuskegee Institute and worked at its affiliated John Andrew Hospital, was recruited at the start of the study to be the main contact with the participants in the study.d roof covered simply with tar paper.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2019
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</div> Firebombed Church; Opelousas, Louisiana 2019 <div class="storycaption">
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FIREBOMBED CHURCH
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OPELOUSAS, LOUISIANA
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Mount Pleasant Baptist Church was one of 3 black churches firebombed in St. Landry Parrish, Louisiana in April 2019. The greatest loss was the churchs heritage, said Earnest Hines, 66, a member for close to 40 years. All those memories of that building, and that place has been burned, he said. "I was born in Birmingham, Alabama in 1956. I remember the 1960s and all the violence. 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, Bloody Sunday I was just 8 or 9, but I remember. When this tragedy occurred, it was hard not to think of those troubled times. Looking at these burned pews and fallen walls, I know our church is going to rise again, but my heart aches. I layed every one of these bricks by hand, and each one is like a part of me."
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> WWII Japanese Internment Camp Living Quarters; Minidoka, Idaho 2019 <div class="storycaption">
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LIVING QUARTERS AT WWII INTERNMENT CAMP
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MINIDOKA, IDAHO
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During WWII Americans of Japanese descent on the West Coast of the United States were forced into internment camps hastily built in remote inland areas of the West. Minidoka, also known as Hunt Camp, is located in scrubland about 25 miles north of Twin Falls. At its peak it housed over 9,000 Japanese Americans in tar paper barracks lacking running water. This is a room in the only original unremodeled barracks in any of the 10 relocation camps. Between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry were subject to this mass exclusion program, of whom about 80,000 Nisei (second generation) and Sansei (third generation) were U.S. citizens.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2019
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</div> 29th Street Beach, site of the outbreak of the Chicago Race Riot of 1919; Chicago, Illinois 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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29th STREET BEACH
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CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> WWII Japanese Internment Camp Barracks; Minidoka, Idaho 2019 <div class="storycaption">
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BARRACKS AT JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMP
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MINIDOKA, IDAHO
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Original barracks at the Minidoka Relocation Camp in Hunt, Idaho. More than 9,000 Japanese Americans who were imprisoned during the Second World War at this isolated desert camp, where the temperatures ranged from 115° in the summer to -30° in the winter. The barracks lacked running water and had no insulation, the exterior walls and roof covered simply with tar paper.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2019
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</div> Houston Negro Hospital School of Nursing; Houston, Texas 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Lynching site of James Chaney, Mickey Schwerner and Andrew Goodman; Neshoba County, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Colored Entrance; Tylertown, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> University of Alabama Foster Auditorium, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Colored Entrance to Paramount Theatre; Clarksdale, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Colored Entrance; Philadelphia, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Colored Entrances; Cleveland, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Colored Entrance to Texan Theatre; Kilgore, Texas 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Railroad Hotel; Clarksdale, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Remains of Sunset Cafe skene; Chicago, Illinois 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Redlining Wall; Detroit, Michigan 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Border Wall; Brownsville, Texas 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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<div class="frishtext">
On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Bridge Over Black Bayou; Glendora, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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<div class="frishtext">
On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Negro League Stadium; Hamtramck, Michigan 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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<div class="frishtext">
On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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</div> Colored Entrance to Saenger Theatre; Hattiesburg, Mississippi 2018 <div class="storycaption">
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HOUSTON NEGRO HOSPITAL SCHOOL OF NURSING
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HOUSTON, TEXAS
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<div class="frishtext">
On July 27, 1919 when large crowds of white and black patrons went to the Lake Michigan beach in Chicago, Illinois to seek relief from the 96° heat, an angry dispute erupted over the stoning of Eugene Williams, a young African American swimmer who inadvertently crossed a segregated boundary into the white swimming area by 29th Street Beach.  White beachgoers hailed stones at the young man causing him to drown. When police refused to arrest any whites, who were accused by black bystanders of having thrown the stones and instead arrested a black beachgoer on a whites complaint of some minor offense, the blacks began to attack the white policeman. Reports of the incident spread throughout Chicago igniting a clash of white and black rioters across the citys South Side. 38 people were killed and over 500 injured.
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<div class="frishdate">
PHOTOGRAPHED: 2018
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